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Vasitis from Laparoscopic Inguinal Hernia Repair

Authors:

Willem Guillermo Calderon Miranda ,

Department of Radiology, Hospital General Doctor Manuel Gea González, National Autonomous University of Mexico, MX
About Willem Guillermo
Department of Radiology
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Luis Rafael Moscote-Salazar,

University of Cartagena, CO
About Luis Rafael
Critical Care and Neurosurgery Specialist
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Paul M. Parizel

Department of Radiology, Antwerp University Hospital, University of Antwerp, BE
About Paul M.
Department of Radiology
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How to Cite: Calderon Miranda WG, Moscote-Salazar LR, Parizel PM. Vasitis from Laparoscopic Inguinal Hernia Repair. Journal of the Belgian Society of Radiology. 2018;102(1):34. DOI: http://doi.org/10.5334/jbsr.1523
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  Published on 26 Mar 2018
 Accepted on 20 Feb 2018            Submitted on 17 Feb 2018

A 78-year-old man with a history of type 2 diabetes mellitus and arterial hypertension presented to the emergency department with right groin pain and fever. Just two days before, he had undergone laparoscopic transperitoneal inguinal hernia repair (TAPP) of a right-sided indirect inguinal hernia with fixation of mesh. Physical examination revealed swelling and painful palpation of the right groin. The patient had a total white blood cell (WBC) count 22,100 per microliter, neutrophilia and hemoglobin level of 16.7 g per deciliter. Inguinal ultrasonography demonstrated enlargement of the right spermatic cord with inflammation of the fat (Figure 1, arrows). A non-contrast computed tomography (CT) of the pelvis (Figure 2 A, B) revealed right-sided thickening of the spermatic cord and edema of the inguinal canal (blue arrows), both indicative of vasitis. Postoperative subcutaneous emphysema was noted (red arrows). The patient was treated non-invasively with broad spectrum antibiotics and analgesics. After two days, he was discharged with pain relief and without fever. As in the literature there is no report of infectious vasitis as a complication of TAPP, and we assume this is the first.

Figure 1 

Sagittal grayscale US image shows a marked increase in the size and echogenicity of the right spermatic cord (arrows).

Figure 2 

Unenhanced CT-scan of the pelvis, axial source image (A) and coronal reformatted image (B) shows the inflamed right spermatic cord, which cause distension of the inguinal canal (arrows blue). Subcutaneous emphysema and gas bubles within the left inguinal canal also were present (arrows red).

Comment

Vasitis is an uncommon condition that can be misdiagnosed as incarcerated inguinal hernia due to a similar appearance at ultrasound, which leads to unnecessary surgeries. CT helps in the differentiation of vasitis from inguinal hernia because of the latter is clearly identifiable in multiplanar reconstructions [1].

Competing Interests

The authors have no competing interests to declare.

References

  1. Kerkeni, W, Saadi, A, Ben Miled, A, Chakroun, M, Ayed, H, Bouzouita, A, Cherif, M, Ben Slama, R, Mnif, N, Derouiche, A and Chebil, M. Vasitis: An Uncommon Diagnosis Mimicking Incarcerated Inguinal Hernia. Urology. 2016 Jul; 93: e1. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.urology.2016.03.011 

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