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Original Article

Endovenous laser ablation treatment with 980 nm diode laser for saphenous vein insufficiency: 6 months follow up results

Authors:

M Beyazal ,

Yüzüncü Yıl University Faculty of Medicine, Department of Radiology, Van, Türkiye
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S Avcu,

Yüzüncü Yıl University Faculty of Medicine, Department of Radiology, Van, Türkiye
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Ö Özen,

Çankırı State Hospital Department of Radiology, Çankırı, Türkiye
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A Yavuz,

Yüzüncü Yıl University Faculty of Medicine, Department of Radiology, Van, Türkiye
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A Bora,

Yüzüncü Yıl University Faculty of Medicine, Department of Radiology, Van, Türkiye
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Ö Ünal

Yüzüncü Yıl University Faculty of Medicine, Department of Radiology, Van, Türkiye
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Abstract

Objective: Superficial venous insufficiency is a common problem associated with varicose veins which, if untreated, may progress to venous ulceration. Endovenous laser ablation (EVLA) is a new, minimally invasive method for management of superficial venous insufficiency and varicose veins. The aim of this study was to demonstrate the effectiveness of 980 nm EVLA for treatment of symptomatic saphenous venous insufficiency and to present its early outcomes.

Methods: Thirty-eight great saphenous veins and 5 small saphenous veins in 40 patients with saphenofemoral reflux were treated with 980 nm diode endovenous laser equipment. The diameter and length of the vein treated, total laser energy and energy density (Joules/cm) delivered were recorded. To determine the severity of the venous disease Venous Clinical Severity Score (VCSS) and Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) were used. Patients were followed up for 6 months after the procedure. Complications were recorded prospectively.

Results: Forty-three saphenous veins in 40 patients were treated. The mean age of the patients was 39.9 (range 21- 72) years. The mean diameter and length of the veins were 4.9 mm (range, 3.5 to 8.5 mm) and 30.2 cm (range, 16 to 50 cm), respectively. At 6 months follow-up, total occlusion rate was 95.4% (41/43), and recanalization rate was 4.6%. Significant decrease was observed for VCSS and VAS scores after the procedure. No major complication was detected.

Conclusion: EVLA treatment for superficial venous insufficiency is safe and can be carried out under local anaesthesia in an outpatient setting with good patient satisfaction and low complication rates.

How to Cite: Beyazal M, Avcu S, Özen Ö, Yavuz A, Bora A, Ünal Ö. Endovenous laser ablation treatment with 980 nm diode laser for saphenous vein insufficiency: 6 months follow up results. Journal of the Belgian Society of Radiology. 2014;97(6):336–40. DOI: http://doi.org/10.5334/jbr-btr.125
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Published on 01 Nov 2014.
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